With the growing need to build state-of-the-art websites, accompanied by the increasing scope of technology and tools, it can be a bit daunting to know which kind of developer you need for your project. A developer is an indispensable resource to build a website.
Front-end Developer vs Back-end Developers vs Full-stack Developer – A Comparison
A front-end developer makes the website come alive by building everything that a user sees, clicks, scrolls and interacts with.
A back-end developer supports the front-end by managing the compatibility, server, database, coding for the website to function seamlessly.
A full-stack is skilled at managing both front-end and back-end together from start to end of a development.
Let’s deep-dive into each to ease your hiring process.
1. Front-end Developer
The front-end of a website is distinctly human, it’s something that the user sees, interacts with, and experiences. A front-end developer creates user-friendly web pages, visuals, and functionality to solve user-centric problems.
- Build visually striking, user-driven websites
- Employ modern technologies and methodologies
- Expert in user experiences and interactive graphic design, apart from appearance and usability
- Team up with various teams to deliver outstanding projects, on time and according to specification
- Effectively communicate technical issues with internal as well as external teams
- Evaluate requirements, wireframes, and competencies of related systems to propose appropriate solutions
- Design fully responsive websites that achieve business goals
- Manage multiple projects without sacrificing quality whilst working quickly
- Take the website from a layout to a fully functioning and responsive live site
- Install tracking codes and actively involved in delivering ever-improving online outcomes (registrations, conversions, etc.)
- Sustain beautiful and well-documented code
- Take charge to perform cross-browser testing and optimizations
- Tightly communicate with various teams about the process and progress of the project
- Stay up-to-date on the latest front-end technologies to keep sites fast and clean
- Strong oral and written communication skills
- Good team player
- High attention to detail, follows good software development practices
- Delivering stunning online experiences that conform to brand guidelines
- A passion to learn and advance via self-education; takes initiative for self-improvement
- Strong sense of responsibility and initiative
- Strives for excellence at every level
- Possess qualities of integrity, credibility, and accountability
The compensation value of hiring a front-end developer is determined by 3 factors: years of expertise, skillset, and location.
According to Payscale, the average base pay for a front-end developer in The United States is USD 72,235 per year excluding bonus, commission, and profit-sharing. The average base hourly rate is USD 28.65.
2. Back-end Developer
The back-end of a website works behind the scenes enabling the front-end experience. A back-end developer builds and maintains the server architecture, security, backup, and database administration to ensure front-end operations are smooth. A back-end developer translates the needs of the business and customers into functional and appealing interactive sites.
- Interpret the business goals with respect to the website and build efficient development solutions
- Proactively build and manage the website, content management system, and its ancillary infrastructure technologies
- Ensuring the website is an accurate, up to date and engaging source and channel of communication
- Collaborate with front-end developers and different team members to formulate objectives, functional design, and cohesive codes to enrich the user experience
- Store data securely and ensure it is presented in the front-end when requested
- Build architecture of a system and Data science analyses
- Uphold the back-end functionality of the website
- Solve system related problems and implement algorithms
- Adhere to and master best techniques in website development, coding standards, and deployment processes
- Actively improve code release system, employ added automation and test the process
- Actively impart knowledge with the team and maintain documentation of tasks undertaken
- Passionate about expanding knowledge and learning through interactions and self-teach
- Ensure that updates, developments, and changes are delivered successfully within agreed timelines
- Self-manage workload through effective time management and prioritize tasks by using tools
- Proficient knowledge of Java, PHP, Python, .Net, SQL, and Ruby
- Effective team player and decision-maker.
- Excellent written and verbal communication.
- Excellent time and task management.
- Able to negotiate and influence.
- A pioneering approach to problem-solving, creative, and lateral thinking.
- Adept at listening to others in the form of concepts, feedback, and analyzing information.
- Demonstrable ability to communicate technical ideas to non-technical contemporaries.
- Capability to present ideas precisely and persuasively.
The remuneration for a back-end developer is determined by factors such as knowledge, skills, level of experience, and location.
According to Payscale, the average base pay for a front-end developer in The United States is USD 71,680 per year excluding bonus, commission, and profit-sharing. The average base hourly rate is USD 22.50.
3. Full-stack Developers
A full-stack developer is adept at both back-end and front-end to manipulate how the site looks at the user’s end. They understand the business needs and at the same time are aware of the engineering capabilities. A full-stack developer combines the art of programming with the art of design.
- Engage in requirements analysis, design, development, and testing.
- Be hands-on and own large technical deliverables and execute in an exemplary way.
- Coach and lead team members entirely from systematic problem solving to development of best processes.
- Participate in the development of project assessments, planning, and deliverables.
- Take advantage of a wide variety of front-end and back-end frameworks and technologies to build and iterate quickly
- Design creative prototypes according to specifications
- Be highly collaborative and write high-quality code
- Work closely with development teams to design, develop and test new features
- Work together jointly with the quality analyst team to establish testing prerequisites to ensure full coverage and the best quality of the product.
- Build test cases to be performed during development
- Design and maintenance of software, CMS, and database
- Generate technical documents and handbooks to represent design and code accurately
- Stay abreast on leading development best practices, emerging technologies, and design patterns.
- Be up-to-date with developments in web applications and programming languages
- Appetite for creating robust but simple to use solutions with real impact on consumers
- Proficient understanding of client-side and server-side programming languages
- Thorough knowledge of working with system infrastructure, web architecture, and communication protocols
- Comprehensive know-how of programming for diverse deployment strategies and principles
- Aptness at working independently as well as being a team player with excellent communication skills
- Analytical thinking and problem-solving capability
- Exceptional observation to details and time-management skills
- Curious and zealous about learning new things
- See the big picture, the vision of the business, and understands requirements.
The remuneration for a full-stack developer is determined by their skill sets, work experience, and location.
According to Payscale, the average base pay for a front-end developer in The United States is USD 75,057 per year excluding bonus, commission, and profit-sharing. The average base hourly rate is USD 36.20.
The Next Step
So should you hire a front-end developer or back-end developer or a full-stack developer?
Full-stack developers add a lot of value for start-ups and small enterprises. Mid-sized and large companies have more value to extract from specialized front end and back end developers.